A state-of-the-art Cryo-EM facility, which will advance the understanding of the processes of life, has been opened at the University of Leicester.
The new facility was opened by Dr Richard Henderson, from the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, who was one of three scientists to win the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution.”
The Cryo-EM facility, hosted at the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, brings cutting-edge research technologies to the Midlands and represents another successful collaboration within the Midlands Innovation partnership. The University of Leicester led the successful bid, in collaboration with the Universities of Warwick, Nottingham and Birmingham, to establish the facility. The total investment exceeds £6M with £3.7M from the Medical Research Council (MRC). The four partner universities provided the remaining funds with a major contribution from the University of Leicester (£1.8M).
Professor John Schwabe, Director of the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, led the region-wide bid to the Wellcome Trust-MRC initiative to establish the new facility at Leicester. He commented:
“There is currently a revolution in using Cryo-EM for research in structural biology. It is very exciting to be opening this facility which will keep the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology at the forefront of the field.”
The revolution in Cryo-Electron Microscopy has been driven by developments in the microscopes themselves, the camera systems, and in the computational methods used to process the images. This has allowed the latest generation of Cryo-EMs, such as the one in Leicester, to generate 3-dimensional structures of bio-molecules in exquisite detail. It enables scientists to understand the mechanisms through which molecular machines in our cells perform the key functions of life fit. This can lead to understanding disease processes and how best to address them.
The facility is centred around a state-of-the-art 300kV cryo-electron microscope, with the latest generation of direct electron-detecting cameras. Alongside this is the High Performance Image Processing Facility which boasts the state of the art computational infrastructure (based around powerful GPU’s) necessary to process the very large (>1TB /day) amounts of data generated by these instruments. A second “feeder” microscope is based at the University of Warwick.
This regional facility will establish a Midlands Cryo-EM ‘ecosystem’ that will enable the sharing of equipment and expertise and will help to strengthen existing and establish new scientific collaborations across the region.
Over the past four decades, European researchers – including MRC-funded researchers in the UK – have played a pivotal role in developing increasingly sophisticated and super-powerful cryo-electron microscopes. This microscope is one of several that was announced in July 2017, as part of £11.3m government funding to boost structural and cell biology research.
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